Who we are
The Board of the Law Commission is responsible for its strategic governance. The Board consists of the Chair, four other Commissioners, the Chief Executive, up to three Non-Executive Board Members, the Head of Legal Services and the Head of Corporate Services.
The Legal Team Managers and Senior Parliamentary Counsel attend the Board in an advisory capacity.
The Chair is either a High Court or an Appeal Court judge, appointed to the Commission by the Lord Chancellor and Secretary of State for Justice for up to three years.
The other four Commissioners are experienced judges, barristers, solicitors or teachers of law. They are appointed by the Lord Chancellor and Secretary of State for Justice for up to five years, although their appointments may be extended.
Commissioners are appointed on a full-time basis, but may on occasions undertake other work including judicial training or judicial service.
One of the recommendations of the 2013 Triennial Review of the Law Commission was that the Commission would benefit from the introduction of up to two Non-Executive Board Members, who would provide support, independent challenge and expertise on issues of governance and strategic management.
The selection of projects and the content of Law Commission reports and consultation papers are, however, the responsibility of the Commissioners.
The Commissioners are supported by a Chief Executive and about 20 members of the Government Legal Service, two Parliamentary Counsel (who draft the Bills to reform and consolidate the law), and a number of research assistants, who are usually recently qualified law graduates.
The Chair promotes the role and work of the Law Commission and is its principal public face. He or she leads the Commissioners and represents their views to Ministers and other stakeholders. The Chair also leads on particular law reform projects and has special responsibility for overseeing the Commission’s consolidation and statute law repeals work.
Sir Peter Fraser
Sir Peter was appointed as Chair on 1 December 2023. Sir Peter was educated at Harrogate Grammar School in Yorkshire and St John’s College at the University of Cambridge (where he took both an MA in Law and a LL.M). He was called to the Bar in 1989 by Middle Temple and practised from Atkin Chambers between 1990 and 2015 when he was appointed to the King’s Bench Division. As a barrister he specialised in international arbitration, technology, engineering and construction disputes. He was appointed a Recorder of the Crown Court in 2002 and QC in 2009. He sits both as a judge of the Technology and Construction Court (being judge in Charge from 2017 to 2020) and the Commercial Court.
Professor Sarah Green
Professor Green was appointed as Law Commissioner for commercial and common law on 01 January 2020. She was previously Professor of Private Law at the University of Bristol. Prior to that, she was Professor of the Law of Obligations at the University of Oxford, and, before that, a lecturer at the University of Birmingham from 2001 – 2010.
Professor Green has written about a variety of issues including virtual currencies, blockchain issues surrounding intermediated securities, smart contracts, sale of goods law as applicable to digitised assets, and wage theft.
Professor Nicholas Hopkins
Professor Hopkins was appointed as Law Commissioner for property, family and trust law on 1 October 2015. On 27 May 2020 it was announced that he had been reappointed for a further term and will serve until September 2025. Amongst other projects, he has led the Commission’s work on Updating the Land Registration Act 2002, Technical Issues in Charity Law, Enforcement of Family Financial Orders and Weddings law. Ongoing projects include Residential Leasehold and Commonhold, Making a Will and Surrogacy (a joint project with the Scottish Law Commission). Prior to appointment as Commissioner, he was an academic for over 20-years.
Professor Hopkins is Professor of Law at Reading University and an Honorary Bencher of Middle Temple.
Professor Penney Lewis
Professor Lewis was appointed as Law Commissioner for criminal law on 01 January 2020. Professor Lewis was formerly Professor of Law and Co-Director of the Centre of Medical Law and Ethics in the Dickson Poon School of Law, King’s College London. She became Reader in Law in 2005, and Professor of Law in 2007.
Professor Lewis is a member of the Board of the Human Tissue Authority (HTA). Her research covers criminal evidence and procedure, focusing on prosecutions for historic childhood sexual abuse and the law governing corroborative and supporting evidence. She has also published widely in the field of medical law, with a particular interest in the relationship between the criminal law and medicine.
Nicholas Paines KC
Mr Paines was appointed as Law Commissioner with responsibility for public law on 18 November 2013. On 19 July 2018 he was reappointed for a further five years. He was formerly a leading silk in EU and public law. He sits as a Deputy High Court Judge in the Administrative Court, a Deputy Judge of the Upper Tribunal (Administrative Appeals Chamber) and the First-tier Tribunal (Tax Chamber) and a Recorder in the Crown Court. He is also a member of the Bar of Northern Ireland.
Code of Best Practice for Law Commissioners
Our Commissioners follow a Code of Best Practice which incorporates the principles in the Cabinet Office Code of Best Practice for Board Members of Public Bodies.
In accordance with the Code, a Register of Board Member’s Interests is available.
Non-Executive Board Members
Joshua Rozenberg KC (Hon)
Joshua Rozenberg joined the Board in May 2019, and is a leading legal commentator and the only full-time journalist to have been appointed an honorary Queen’s Counsel.He writes a twice-monthly column for the Law Society Gazette and presents the Radio 4 programme Law in Action, which he launched in 1984. He is a former BBC legal correspondent and has also written for the Daily Telegraph and the Guardian.
He has a law degree from the University of Oxford and qualified as a solicitor in 1976. He is an honorary Master of the Bench of Gray’s Inn and holds four honorary doctorates in law.
Claire is Vice Chair of the Internet Watch Foundation, Interim Chair and Non-Executive Director of the Serious Fraud Office and a Non-Executive Director of the Solicitors Regulation Authority and Chartered Insurance Institute.
Until May 2022 she was Deputy Director General of the Independent Office for Police Conduct. Prior to this Claire was Chief Executive (Designate) of the Shadow Trade Remedies Authority, and Chief Executive of the Electoral Commission. Claire has also been Chief Executive at the Parole Board and the Criminal Cases Review Commission.
Earlier in her career, Claire was a Director of Nacro and Chief Executive of Connexions Milton Keynes, Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire. She also held various roles at the Legal Services Commission and began her career as a management trainee in the construction industry.
Dr Hannah White
Dr Hannah White is currently Director and Chief Executive of the Institute of Government, having previously led the secretariat for the Committee on Standards in Public Life (Cabinet Office), and held various senior roles in the House of Commons. She has a range of executive and non-executive board experience.
Hannah has a PhD in Human Geography. She started her career as a parliamentary clerk in the House of Commons, working on select and legislative committees and advising on parliamentary procedure.
Joanna Otterburn and Stephanie Hack are joint Chief Executives of the Commission.
Structure of the Law Commission
This chart shows the structure of the organisation and the pay bands into which our staff fall.