Views sought on electronic wills and the risks posed by predatory marriage

Technological advancements and the effects of COVID-19 restrictions have made electronic wills more feasible. During the pandemic, several countries, including the UK, allowed paper wills to be witnessed virtually. Since then, some countries have introduced permanent reforms to enable electronic wills.

The Commission is seeking views on whether a new Wills Act should permit electronic wills, either immediately or by allowing for them to be introduced later. Any provision for electronic wills would need to ensure that they are as secure as paper wills.

An electronic will can be created digitally, using electronic signatures, and can be stored, with no paper version needed.

Increasing concerns about predatory marriage cast potential doubts on whether a marriage or civil partnership should continue to revoke a person’s pre-existing will. The consultation seeks to determine how often this form of financial abuse takes place and considers whether wills should continue to be automatically revoked by marriage or civil partnership.

Predatory marriage is where a person marries someone, often who is elderly or who lacks mental capacity, as a form of financial abuse. This type of abuse is relevant to wills because marriage or civil partnership revokes a person’s will which means that their spouse or civil partner may inherit most if not all their estate in the absence of a new will.

The Commission’s supplementary consultation paper published today is part of a wider wills project.  The law on wills is primarily a product of the Victorian era – governed by the Wills Act 1837 and case law. The Law Commission’s project aims to provide a comprehensive review ensuring that the legislative framework governing wills reflects contemporary needs and continues to protect the most vulnerable.


Professor Nicholas Hopkins, Commissioner for Property, Family and Trust Law, said:

“Our review of wills aims to ensure that the law is modern and as straightforward as possible, protecting the most vulnerable and giving greater effect to everyone’s last wishes.

“In light of recent technological and societal developments, we are seeking views on electronic wills and the effects of predatory marriage on wills. We welcome a wide range of responses to our consultation paper.”

The supplementary consultation

The Commission asks:

  • Should electronic wills be legally valid? If yes, how, and when should bespoke requirements for these wills be introduced?
  • Should marriage or civil partnership automatically revoke a will given the risk of predatory marriage?

Next steps

The Law Commission is seeking responses to its consultation by 8 December 2023. We welcome responses from anyone affected by, or with knowledge of, the issues covered.

View the project page to read and respond to the consultation paper.